#93. Intitulata Fontegara, for flute, violin & piano (2015/2016)

TITLE: Intitulata Fontegara page9_small
CAT# (YEAR COMPOSED): 93 (2015; revision Dec 2016)
INSTRUMENTATION: flute, violin, piano
NOTE: Commission for the 2015 China-ASEAN Music Week

The original version was titled Opening of the Guangxi Blossom, which  was written at the request of Professor Zhong, JunCheng, who asked me to respond to the Guangxi folk tune, Jin Ying Hua Kai.


Intitulata Fontegara is based on a traditional Chinese folk tune from Guangxi Provence, Jin Ying Hua Kai. However, this piece is not folk music but rather expands its palate through unconventional performance techniques, rhythmic fluidity and an expanded use of musical ornaments (musical flourishes that are not necessary to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or “ornament” that line. Many ornaments are performed as “fast notes” around a central note).

In the Baroque period, ornamentation became quite extensive and it was common for performers to improvise these embellishments on a given melodic line during repeated sections.

In my composition, ornamentation occurs in two ways: 1) with typical Baroque symbols (trillo, mordant, cadence, dopplet-cadence, etc.); and 2) written-out ornaments from the collection of bizarre tuplets from the early treatise on recorder fingerings and ornamentation by Silvestro Ganassi, dal Fontego Opera intitulata Fontegara (Venice, 1535).